Rumi

January 15, 2016  |  Posted by Zohreh Ghahremani
Rumi

This morning, a good friend sent me the following article in Persian and I enjoyed it so much that I had to share with you. So please see my humble attempt at a translation and I hope you not only enjoy, but “grasp the meaning.”
پروفسور فرانسوی هانری ماسه در جشن بازنشستگی اش دردانشگاه سوربن فرانسه چنین گفت :
من عمرم را وقف ادبیات فارسی ایرانی کردم ، و برای اینکه به شما استادان و روشنفکران جهان بشناسانم که این ادبیات عجیب چیست ،
چاره ای ندارم جز اینکه به مقایسه بپردازم ، و بگویم که ادبیات فارسی بر چهار ستون اصلی استوار است :
فردوسی ، سعدی ، حافظ و مولانا
فردوسی ، هم سنگ و همتای هومر یونانی است
و برتر از او …
سعدی ، آناتول فرانس فیلسوف را به یاد ما می آورد
و دانا تر از او …
حافظ با گوته ی آلمانى قابل قیاس است ،
که او خود را ، شاگرد حافظ و زنده به نسیمی
که از جهان او به مشامش رسیده ، می شمارد …
اما مولانا
در جهان هیچ چهره ای را نیافتم ،
که بتوانم مولانا را به او تشبیه کنم ،
او یگانه است و یگانه باقی خواهد ماند ،
او فقط شاعر نیست ،
بلکه بیشتر جامعه شناس است و بویژه روانشناسی کامل ،
که ذات بشر و خداوند را دقیق می شناسد ،
قدر او را بدانید و بوسیله ی او خود را و خدا را بشناسید …
و من اگر تا پایان عمرم دیگر حرفی نزنم ،
همین چند جمله برایم کافی است …
چقدر این شعر زیباست :
باران که شدى مپرس ، اين خانه ى کيست..
سقف حرم و مسجد و ميخانه يکيست..
باران که شدى، پياله ها را نشمار…
جام و قدح و کاسه و پيمانه يکيست…
باران ! تو که از پيش خدا مى آیی
توضيح بده عاقل و فرزانه يکيست…
بر درگه او چونکه بيفتند به خاک
شير و شتر و پلنگ و پروانه يکيست
با سوره ى دل ، اگر خدارا خواندى
حمد و فلق و نعره ى مستانه يکيست
اين بى خردان،خويش ، خدا مى دانند
اينجا سند و قصه و افسانه يکيست
از قدرت حق ، هرچه گرفتند به کار
در خلقت حق، رستم و موریانه يکيست
گر درک کنى خودت خدا را بينى
درکش نکنى , کعبه و بتخانه يکيست…
French professor, Henri Massé, said the following as he celebrated his retirement from Sorbonne University.
“I have dedicated my life to Persian literature and in order to introduce you world scholars and intellectuals to this mystic literature, I have no choice but to use comparisons and say that Persian literature stands on four strong columns: Ferdowsi, Sa’adi, Hafez, and Mowlana.
Ferdowsi equals and is similar to the Greek poet Homer, and standing higher . . .
Sa’adi reminds us of the philosopher Anatole France, though wiser than him . . .
Hafez can be compared to the German Gaute, who considered himself a student of Hafez and “alive with the breeze that he felt from his land . . .”
But Mowlana? There is no one in the world to compare him to. He is unique and shall remain so. He is not just a poet, but more of a sociologist and a psychologist who understands man and his connection to Devinity. Treasure him and through him, understand yourself as well as the Devine.
And should I never speak again till the end of my life, these few phrases should suffice. How beautiful is this poem.
When you become rain, do not ask whose house this is
the roof of a shrine, mosque, and tavern are the same
When you become rain, don’t number the cups
The goblet, a bowl, and all measures are the same
Oh, rain! You who’ve come directly from God
Explain how the wise and the prudent are the same
When they finally kneel to to kiss His threshold
The lion, camel, leopard and butterfly are the same
When you use your heart’s verse to call on the Devine
The ‘hamd’ the ‘falaq’* and a drunken roar are the same
These ignorant people consider themselves gods
Here, a document, a story, and legend are the same
No matter what share they received from the power of the Devine
When it comes to creation, Rostam** and an ant are the same
If you grasp the meaning, you can see God for yourself
And if you don’t, Kaaba*** and the Idol-temple are the same.
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* The ‘hamd’ and ‘falaq’ : verses in Quraan.
** Rostam: the hero of Ferdowsi’s Book of Kings.
*** Kaaba: The Shrine in Mecca.

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